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Nurses, before you start....
Doctors, before you start.....
For the standard literature reviews required for intial research proposals / ethics committee submissions, read on......
The PICO framework is method used to help define health care related questions. PICO Elements Change According to Question Type (Domain)
P – patient, problem or population
I – intervention
C – comparison, control or comparator
O – outcome
Keeping a list of terms, subjects and phrases
Phrase: “Open transthoracic Ivor Lewis (TTIL) Oesophagectomy”
Procedure Terms: Oesophagectomy / Esophagectomy
Terms: Ivor Lewis / TTIL / ILE, Open transthoracic
AND NOT: Hybrid transthoracic, minimally invasive, transhiatal, thoracoscopic, sweet
MeSH Subjects: "Esophagectomy" [MeSH Major Topic] – in this case MeSH terms not that helpful because of cross-overs.
Other Terms of Interest: “supradiaphragmatic ligation”, “robot assisted”,
Where to search
CKN – Aggregator/discovery layer
Google & Wikipedia – helpful for alternative spelling, news and popular opinion
More places to search
Your introduction should give an outline of
why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important
the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed
the criteria used for your literature selection (e.g.. type of sources used, date range)
the organisational pattern of the review.
Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. You will need to synthesise several of your reviewed readings into each paragraph, so that there is a clear connection between the various sources. You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching.
The body could include paragraphs on:
previous studies on the topic
mainstream versus alternative viewpoints
principal questions being asked
general conclusions that are being drawn.
Your conclusion should give a summary of:
the main agreements and disagreements in the literature
any gaps or areas for further research
your overall perspective on the topic.